Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute
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PSPK-102 Flight Simulator with a Moving Cockpit (six-axis)

In Service since 1982:  

General Description: 

The flight simulator PSPK-102 is designed to simulate the main flight regimes of low-maneuverable aircraft, including hypersonic ones (take-off and landing, cruise regimes, orbital flight, etc) and also to simulate the motion of a car controlled by a driver for the purpose of investigating the dynamics, stability and controllability of aircrafts and car. 



two seats with interior and instrumental panels of the Aerospace Plane “Buran” and with the possibility to install other indicators. 

Control Levers: 

central control column, side stick with electrohydraulic systems for loads application. 

Automotive Cabin: 

interior, instrumental panels, control levers and pedals like the car “Moskvich” m-2141. 

Visual System: 

One channel with an optical collimator and with a digital synthesis of a color image of the Earth surface and runway. 

Cockpit Motion System: 
  • 6-degree of freedom, support type with the maximum displacements: 
  • vertically from - 1.2 to + 1.2 m, longitudinally and laterally from - 1.5 to + 1.5 m; 
  • roll from - 30 to +30 degrees ; pitch from - 40 to + 40 degrees; heading from -60 to + 60 degrees< 

Computer Complex: 
  • upper level computer; 
  • two lower level computers; 
  • interface device (64 channels of Digital-Analogue Transducer, 64 channels of Analogue-Digital Transducer) 

Practical Use:

The facility has been used to investigate handling qualities of the Aerospace Plane “Buran”, experimental aerospace vehicles and general-purpose aircraft. The simulator has been prepared for testing stability, controllability and smoothness of automobiles produced by the “AZLK”